Albert Einstein’s life
Albert Einstein was a theoretical physicist and he is known for developing the relativity theory, which is a key pillar as far as modern physics is concerned. Philosophy of science has had a great influence in Einstein’s work and the general public remember him for the most famed physics equation E = MC2. He was given the Nobel Prize in 1921 for his work in theoretical physics, especially for discovering the photoelectric effect. This pivotal discovery, in fact, led the way to the development of what is known as the quantum theory. However, there are certain aspects about Albert Einstein’s life that are not clear to many people. The aim of this post is to discuss a few of them.
Why did Albert Einstein leave Germany?
Albert Einstein was born in a place called Ulm in Germany on March 14, 1879 to Hermann Einstein, an engineer and salesman, and Pauline Koch. The Einsteins, non-observant Ashkenazi Jews, moved over to Munich in 1880 and Albert’s father and uncle set up a company for manufacturing an electrical equipment that worked on direct current. In Munich, Albert first went to the Catholic elementary school and then to Luilpold Gymnasium for his primary and secondary education.
Hermann and Jakob were forced to sell their business in 1894 as they did not have the capital needed to change the design of their equipment to run on alternating current. The whole family, except Albert, moved to Italy in quest of a business. They went to Milan first and moved to Pavia later. Albert continued to stay in Munich to complete his education at Luitpold Gymnasium.
Albert’s father wanted him to study electrical engineering. However, Albert did not like the regimen and teaching methods followed by the school and he fought with the authorities. In December 1894, he joined the family in Pavia after submitting a doctor’s note to the school authorities.
When he was just 16 years old, Albert wrote the entrance examination for admission to Swiss Federal Polytechnic, Zürich. He failed in the entrance test as he could not obtain the required pass grade for the general section. However, he obtained very high grades in mathematics as well as physics. The Polytechnic’s principal, therefore, recommended that he attend the Argovian cantonal gymnasium school, Aarau, Switzerland for completing his secondary school studies.
He stayed with Professor Jost Winteler’s family and at that time he started having an affair with Marie, Winteler’s daughter. In January 1896, Albert surrendered his German citizenship for the purpose of avoiding military service. After passing with the highest grade 6 for mathematics and physics he took up the four-year physics and mathematics diploma course at the Zürich Polytechnic. Meanwhile, Marie Winteler took up a teaching position in Olsberg, Switzerland.
Did Albert Einstein get married?
Mileva Maric also secured admission for the same diploma program at the Zurich Polytechnic in the same year along with Albert Einstein. Maric was the lone female student among the six that were admitted into the diploma course. Over the years, the friendship between Maric and Albert developed into romance. Einstein’s parents were against their relationship because of her ethnic background. However, Albert continued to meet her and they also corresponded with each other. In the letters, he mentioned a lot about his scientific ideas.
Einstein married Marić in the month of January in 1903 after he was granted the teaching diploma in 1900 by the Zürich Polytechnic. Marić failed to clear the examination. An early correspondence exchanged by the two revealed that a daughter was born to Einstein and Marić in 1902 in Novi Sad. Marić was living with her parents during this time. It is believed that their daughter either died of some sickness or was given away to someone for adoption.
Albert and Marić had two sons by names Hans and Eduard. They separated in February 1919 as Albert started having an affair with his cousin Elsa. In 1919, Albert and Elsa Löwenthal got married and they emigrated to America in 1933. Elsa died in 1936 due to heart and kidney ailments.
What was Albert Einstein’s IQ?
Albert Einstein is believed to have an intelligence quotient (IQ) of 160 to 190, according to some weak and tentative theories. However, the truth is that nobody knows what it is because Einstein never underwent an IQ test.
Thomas Stoltz Harvey, the pathologist, Princeton Hospital, removed Albert Einstein’s brain after his death during the autopsy to preserve it. He did it without obtaining his family’s permission.
Prodigy Albert Einstein
The details given below will corroborate that he had high IQ and he was a prodigy:
When he was living in Italy, Albert wrote an essay that studied the connection between ether and magnetic fields.
In the year 1900, his paper on Capillarity Phenomena was published in Annalen der Physik.
Albert was awarded PhD by the Zürich University after he completed his thesis. In the same year, four other papers were also published by him: one each on the photoelectric effect, special relativity, Brownian motion and mass and energy equivalence.
He was acknowledged as a renowned scientist by 1908 and was appointed as lecturer at the Bern University. He became an associate professor in the following year.
In 1911, Albert Einstein became a professor and accepted Austrian citizenship. During his stay Prague, he wrote as many as eleven scientific papers.
From 1912 to 1914, he worked as a theoretical physics professor at ETH in Zurich.
He came back to Germany in 1994 after he was appointed as the director, Kaiser Wilhelm Physics Institute and professor at Berlin’s Humboldt University.
In 1916, he was appointed as president, German Physical Society.
In 1919, Sir Arthur Eddington confirmed Albert Einstein’s theories. After this, Einstein became one of the famous physicists in the world.
Einstein became the foreign member of Royal Netherlands Academy in the year 1920 and he was presented the 1921 Physics Nobel Prize in 1922 for his contributions to Theoretical Physics. Specifically, he was awarded for the photoelectric effect discovery.
When he learned about the bombing of Hiroshima in Japan in 1945, Einstein started putting in efforts to lessen the usage of the atom bomb. In the following year, Szilard and he founded the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists. Two years later, Albert Einstein expressed the idea of working with the United Nations to eliminate the use of nuclear weapons.
Albert Einstein Technology
Albert Einstein’s theories and discoveries led to great advancements in the field of space exploration and light as well as atomic energy applications. The theories propounded by him encouraged scientists to look at energy, matter, gravity, time and space in different ways.
His work on quantum theory of light led to the discovery of photo electric effect and the development of the Television.
The famous equation E = mc2, demonstrating the relationship between energy and mass led to the development of nuclear energy. Through this general theory of relativity, Einstein suggested that the curved field present in the space-time continuum due to the existence of mass is gravity.
Brownian movement, discovered by Albert Einstein, helped prove the existence of molecules and atoms. This has had an impact on all branches of science.
His special theory on relativity states that motion and time are relative as long as the natural laws remain the same in the universe and speed of light is constant.
The only invention he is credited with is the refrigerator. He invented a refrigerator in 1926 with Leo Szilard, one of his students. In order to operate the refrigerator, all that was required was a heat source. He obtained a patent for this invention of his.
How old was Albert Einstein when he died?
At the time of his death, Albert Einstein was 76 years old. He died on April 18, 1955 in Princeton Hospital. Einstein was cremated. His ashes were discarded at an unknown location.
What did Albert Einstein die from?
Einstein suffered internal bleeding after an aortic aneurysm in his abdomen ruptured though it was previously reinforced surgically. He was taken to Princeton Hospital on April 17, 1955 after he complained of severe abdominal pain.
Why did Albert Einstein die?
Einstein refused to undergo surgery, saying that he wanted to leave the world when he desired. He did not want the doctors to extend his life artificially.